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Das journalistische Handwerk erlernte Bethge Mitte der Neunzigerjahre an der Evangelischen Journalistenschule in Berlin.Von 20 arbeitete er als Wissenschaftskorrespondent für den SPIEGEL in San Francisco.As an environmentalist, the British activist now spends more time observing humans -- and says she still has hope for humanity.Jahrgang 1967, ist seit 1999 Wissenschaftsredakteur beim Nachrichtenmagazin DER SPIEGEL.For example, if you catch somebody doing something wrong, he will just cringe away and curl up. Instead, he will think of how he can counterattack.So the only possible way to get somebody to change is to reach into their hearts. Goodall: I remember once meeting the Chinese environment minister.She's been so busy over the past 20 years, she says, that she hasn't even managed to sleep in the same bed for more than three weeks at a time. Goodall, the first half of your professional life, you dealt with chimps.
The 81-year-old Briton is also a United Nations Messenger of Peace and carries the title of Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire.We found for example that there are good and bad chimpanzee mothers, which has profound effects on child-development. Good food, for example, can make them really happy. A moment later, his little face came up through the grass and you could literally see how he was thinking: "I just hope nobody saw me falling." SPIEGEL: You maintain that chimpanzees can even experience awe. As they approach the falling water, they start standing up with excitement. SPIEGEL: You interpret it to be a form of worship for the wonders of nature, some pre-religious feeling?SPIEGEL: Does the good nature or the aggressive nature prevail in chimpanzees? But I came to the conclusion that being evil is something that only humans are capable of. SPIEGEL: Do you think the chimpanzees' emotional world is comparable to ours? If you offer them something delicious, they give little calls of joy and hug each other. Goodall: You are talking about the waterfall display. When they get nearer, they are swaying from foot to foot and they are stamping the water, picking up big rocks and hurling them. The roaring of the water and the breeze that is created as the water falls in this narrow gully. Goodall: I think that this is the sort of feeling that probably would have led to an early animistic religion. SPIEGEL: So, the development of language was the crucial step in becoming human? Language allows us to talk about the past and plan the future. And then there was a section on chimps in captivity, and the one video I will never forget was secretly filmed chimps in medical research. SPIEGEL: You founded the Jane Goodall Institute, which finances chimp conservation, and you travel around the world as an advocate for conservation. Goodall: When I arrived in Gombe in 1960, the forest was all the way along the eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika.What happens when so many high-ranking humans meet? I shouldn't say that these meetings are a waste of time, but the results are disappointing. SPIEGEL: Maybe sustainability is just against human nature? But I already knew that these professors weren't right, because Rusty had taught me otherwise. SPIEGEL: If chimps aren't your favorite animals, why did you pick them for your research? He wanted to get a feeling as to how early man might have behaved. He genuinely believed that women did better in the field, that they were better observers and better at understanding animals. Maternal behavior helps when you have to be patient with nonverbal creatures. Giving them bananas was a way of getting information more quickly.SPIEGEL: Perhaps man is far too self-serving and interested in short-term gains to solve problems on a planetary scale? His reasoning was that if I would find behavior similar or the same in humans and chimps today, possibly those behaviors were also existent in the common ancestor. SPIEGEL: He also chose other women to work with him. SPIEGEL: After a while you made contact with the first chimp, whom you named David Greybeard. Also, my first husband, Hugo Van Lawick, couldn't have gotten his film if they hadn't been coming to camp.